In the Fall of 1948, Donora, Pennsylvania choked for five days, killing 20 and seriously affecting 7000 from the combustion of coal. In December of 1952, the Great London Smog probably killed 10,000 during a deadly smog under similar circumstances.
I flew into Los Angeles in 1958 and met their smog. It was terrible, my eyes watered and I worried about the long-term effect on my lungs. New York City suffered their historic smog during Thanksgiving of 1966, but major episodes had also occurred in 1953 and 1966.
|Air Quality Index|
|Levels of Health Concern||Colors|
|When the AQI is in this range:||..air quality conditions are:||...as symbolized by this color:|
|0 to 50||Good||Green|
|51 to 100||Moderate||Yellow|
|101 to 150||Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups||Orange|
|151 to 200||Unhealthy||Red|
|201 to 300||Very Unhealthy||Purple|
|301 to 500||Hazardous||Maroon|
You will need to click on that map to read the details, but in summary:
The worst yesterday was Izmir, Turkey, at 880. Why? There are studies indicating Turkey's industries are serious polluters, and Izmir is certainly one location.
When I went around the world last year I never saw stars at night. In every major city there was significant air pollution. I was shocked at the air in Dubai, which does not have much oil. Their solution, I guess, is that they don't report anymore. But if you click on this map, you know it has to be terrible. The World Bank has a Little Green Data Book, listing the United Arab Emirates as worse than China and India.
The WHO said 98 percent of urban areas in “low- and middle-income countries” with populations of more than 100,000 fall shy of the group’s air quality standards.
Thus, air pollution in India costs hundreds of billions--billions, mind you--every year, according to a study in Geophysical Research Letters. Another report, from Nature, indicated that fine particulate matter is responsible for about 3 million deaths worldwide each year, so I guess other kinds of air pollution must be to blame for the 4+ million/year mentioned above.
So Acid Rain in the media became simple air pollution. Mind you, the Environmental Protection Agency indicated that we still have Acid Rain. Acid Rain remains devastating, even in the USA. To the left is a recent map. But U.S. and European laws have made a difference, shifting the serious effects today mostly to Asia, the Middle East and Mexico.
Apparently President Trump wants to return those polluting industries back to the United States. Further, his slashing of the EPA budget looms to return portions of the country back to the bad old days of Acid Rain anyway.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average, again, broke its all-time record, up 34 to 21,830. I guess Trump must be something right.
Typhoon Noru is now projected to make a sudden right turn, even further threatening Iwo Jima. Current models now shows a possible landfall over Japan. This is one of the screwiest storms I've seen.
Typhoon Nesat will soon strike Taiwan, but much further north of Taitung, probably closer to Hualien:
A long time ago the Pacific International Center for High Technology Research worked with the Taiwanese Industrial Technology Research Institute on a plan to build an experimental OTEC facility here.