Thus, the renewable options will more and more become prominent. In time, fusion (hydrogen isotopes--deuterium and tritium, because we cannot in the near future create conditions found in the core of stars) too, for this is the ultimate star power.
I spent a couple of assignments on laser fusion research in the 1970's at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, under, way under, Edward Teller, Father of the Hydrogen Bomb, but gave up because I thought commercialization was 50 years away. Forty years later, any kind of commercial fusion--ITER for magnetic confinement and laser fusion at Livermore--is still half a century away.
Governments are the only real option today, but there are a few private sector initiatives...and where are the giant oil companies...or Silicon Valley...or Elon Musk? I had hopes for buddy Charles Helsley's Fusion Power Corporation, but the sound of silence only omens poorly. Chuck or Bob (chairman of the board), if you're out there somewhere, bring me up to date.
Hydrogen for next generation aviation also should be in the future. This is why I drafted the first hydrogen bill in the U.S. Senate way back in 1980, which became the Matsunaga Hydrogen Act. Above: Hawaiian Hydrogen Clipper?
Before going on to energy storage, here is a comparison of electricity production alternatives:
The above are all utility scale, so more in detail:
- Natural Gas
- Windpower on land
- Nuclear Biomass
- Fossil fuel storage
- Electrical, electromagnetic
- Electrochemical (Battery Energy Storage System, BESS)
- A better battery
- Chevy Bolt versus Musk Tesla
- The optimal storage technology for
- portable electronics
- The ultimate replacement for batteries