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Monday, September 9, 2013

INTERNATIONAL OTEC SYMPOSIUM: Day One

For those who earlier clicked on this posting, I have made recent adjustments to the original.  I could not enter real-time entries because the conference doesn't have that capability.  Plus, how's this for intimidation?

Dure to strict copyright enforcement, no photos, videos or sound recordings are allowed with express permission of Summit management.  Those who do not comply may be escorted from the premises without refund.

I guess I could have asked for permission, but once they say no, then I definitely wouldn't be able to take any chances.  So, I was very careful.  Any additions to the original will be in MAROON.


The Asia Pacific Clean Energy Summit is being held this week in Honolulu, and part of this gathering features the International OTEC Symposium on Monday and Tuesday.  Sponsors are:

And partners include:


The opening keynote was provided by a very energetic Governor Neil Abercrombie:


Abercrombie's talk was well covered in the Star Advertiser.  U.S. Senator Brian Schatz came via video and a group of Department of Defense representatives gave very supportive presentations.  I noticed that the three Hawaii Public Utilities Commissioners (click on this link to find out who they are) were sitting behind me:


They are Michael Champley, Chairwoman Hermina Morita and Lorraine Akiba.  I had long chats with them.   Regarding the upcoming liquid natural gas issue, I expressed opinions that the $1 billion cost would mean we would be stuck with the infrastructure, plus, I was worried about escalating prices in five to ten years.  First, Commissioner Champley indicated that the investment would be closer to half a billion, and, second, that they needed to take a hard look at the potential.  That makes sense

The morning OTEC session, moderated by Luis Vega of the University of Hawaii, focused on Policies, Finance and Incentives:

A distinguished panel of speakers from France, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines and the USA will discuss their vision as well as national frameworks to achieve the implementation of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) plants.
Hyeon-Ju Kim, KIOST, “The Korean Roadmap to OTEC Industrialization

14,600 MW potential
5-20 MW by 2020
50-100 MW by 2030

Kerry Kehoe, NOAA, “OTEC: The Promise and the Problem"

            The technology exists for less than 10 MW
            Environmental impacts remain uncertain
            The USA doesn't yet have an OTEC roadmap
   I sat next to Kerry at lunch and had a good chat, learning a lot about the recent doings of NOAA and OTEC.
            
It could have been Kehoe, but perhaps Cole, who said that, while the OTEC plantship might be in the middle of the ocean, jobs related to supplying the materials and skills are found throughout the USA:



Barry Cole, OTI, "OTEC as an Economic Engine"

Emmanuel Brochard, DCNS, “The DCNS OTEC Roadmap for France”


A. Bakar Jaafar, UTM, “Framework for OTEC Development in Malaysia”

            Framework for OTEC Development in Malaysia
            Plan to budget $120 million for OTEC driven development
            $40 million to build a 4 MW OTEC plant

Mario Marasigan, REMB, “Philippines Government Policies for OTEC Development”

            5-10 MW ?? floating OTEC plant by 2018


Paul Dinnissen, OTEC Foundation, “OTEC: A Collaborative Effort”

            Founded in 2011 by Thomas Bjelkeman, Richard Meyer and Paul Dinissen
            Purpose is to help make large-scale OTEC happen sooner
            They publish OTEC News
Primary developers of the technology occupied the first afternoon session:
In a unique format, representatives from the major firms involved in the world-wide commercialization of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) plants will summarize their plans and participate in a roundtable discussion with audience participation.
- Thierry Bouchet, DCNS

            OTEC Technological Strategy Development for DCNS
            30-member OTEC team in company to Sea the Future

Desiree Latimer, Bell Pirie Power Corporation

            10 MW OTEC Pilot Plant, Zambales
            36 MW by 2020, +35 MW by 2030
            40 cents/kWh is their first feed in tariff hoped for price (in negotiations)

Robert Varley (left above), Lockheed Martin

            LM OTEC Roadmap
            10 MW land-based pilot plant (to cost more than $100 million)
            10 MW Reignwood Group agreement this year (China)
            Support R&D and plume modeling
            100 MW next major stage

Ted Johnson (right), Ocean Thermal Energy Corporation

            Commercializing/Financing OTEC
            Developer financing is the “Elephant in the Room”
            You can’t develop OTEC like any venture project
            But, expects to provide blue chip investor adequate returns
            IPO soon
            Caribbean, Asia, DOD, India, Africa in sequence
            10 MW in 3 years, 100+ MW in 5 years ???


Eileen O’Rourke (left), OTEC International LLC

            A Developer’s Perspective
            Sponsored by the Abell Foundation
            Abell Foundation promotes entrepreneurship for economic growth
            Legacy of 40 years (Anderson technology)
1 MW RD&D  facility at NELHA contract being finalized
100 MW commercial facility with HECO in discussion
3.5 MW, etc. for Caribbean

Stephen Kibbee, SBM Offshore

            $4 billion oil/gas industrial firm
            Floating production storage and offloading platforms getting larger, now up to 200 MW
            Use waste heat plus cold water pipe for electricity and cooling

Shin Okamura, Xenesys

            Xenysys Development on OTEC
            Formed in 1997
            Early work on titanium heat exchangers
            1 Mw in 2015, 10 Mw 2020, 50 MW 2030 (NEDO)
            Two projects
                        R&D on OTEC by NEDO
Power Generation Project for Advanced Deep Seawater Utilization by     
   Okinawa government, 50 kW demonstration, with Saga University

Larry Shapiro, OIT (Bluerise—Europe, with Netherlands as the lead)
            More efficient OTEC cycle
            Aruba with Deltares
            Ocean Ecopark with Curacao and Columbia
            Offshore 10 MW OTEC feasibility analysis

As an aside, I had a chance to talk to several Bluerise associates, and most of them were in their 20's.

DISCUSSION:
            The market is such that a few successes can spur the marketplace, thus, while competition is a factor, multiple commercial successes can kick-start the industry—a good example is the wind industry.


THE OCEAN ENVIRONMENT


Speakers from academic institutions and the private sector will present analytical work and computer modeling that has led to estimates of the ocean thermal resource for the sustainable global application of OTEC along with the potential environmental impact of operations. A field program designed to monitor the ocean conditions prior and during operations of the Honolulu Sea Water Air Conditioning (SWAC) system will be discussed along with preliminary measurements.
- Krishnakumar Rajagopalan (and Gerard Nihous), University of Hawaii, “Global Ocean Thermal resources for Sustainable OTEC Application”
           Global OTEC potential is 14TW (coincidentally, same as energy used today)
Greg Rocheleau, Makai Ocean Engineering, “”Biochemical Simulation of a 100 MW OTEC Plume”
           The downstream plume is essentially negligible.
- J. Kim, Chonnam University, “Potential Environmental Effects of OTEC Effluent off Kosrae”
- Christopher Kelley, University of Hawaii, “Potential Biological Impact of Honolulu Seawater Air Conditioning: Submersible Surveys along the Intake Pipe Route to 250 m Depth”
           Effect should be minor.
- Christina Comfort, University of Hawaii, “Monitoring Key Biogeochemical Parameters due to SWAC Operations on Mamala Bay, Hawaii”
           Study is continuing.
- David Karl, University of Hawaii, “Potential Environmental Consequences of Enhanced Ocean Upwelling”

            Nutrients plus light equals phytoplankton
            Phosphate Crisis looming, which can be replaced by the deep ocean through 

Took no photos in the final session, but can show Audrey Journoud of La Reunion in the Indian Ocean, who is a PhD student a year away from her degree in OTEC cycles,  She brought me up to date on what the French are doing globally and activities on her island.

The value of these gatherings, of course, are the discussions over a meal and between sessions.  I don't think I have let out any trade secrets here, for there was bits of information exchanged which definitely were  confidential.

TOMORROW, DAY TWO OF THE SYMPOSIUM.
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