- 103 (52%) countries have abolished the death penalty.
- 37 maintain the practice.
- 50 permit capital punishment, but have not used it for at least 10 years.
- China executes by lethal injection more than a thousand every year, by far more than the whole world combined.
- #2 is Iran with hundreds/year by firing squad, hanging and stoning.
- #3 is Iraq, 447 hung during the past decade.
- 58% believe the mentally ill should not face the death penalty.
- Similarly, support for capital punishment has declined since the 1990's:
- Percent in favor of death penalty:
- 64% of whites, while only 42% of blacks
- 82% of Republicans
- 40% of Catholics
- 23% of Christian Millenials (younger ones who are serious about their religion)
- First conviction: Someone commits a crime. Do everything possible to reform the misguided individual. One remediative option is restorative justice, promoting repair, reconciliation and the rebuilding of relationships. The process attempts to build partnerships, seeking balanced approaches for victim, wrongdoer and community. There will be a lot of counseling and, as necessary and possible, some restitution.
- Crime #2 is committed and the defendant is judged guilty. Standard prison? Nope. Save your tax monies to build better school systems. Find some hellacious environment where the prisoner will need to support himself, and where the cost to society will be minimal. A mild form -- I was thinking more in terms of dungeons or caves -- of this concept is represented by Joe Arpaio, sheriff of Maricopa Arizona County.
- Third conviction: termination! Yes, death. The U.S. has now had more than 1,000 executions since the Supreme Court ended a moratorium three decades ago. The transition will be messy, but under the TSAYD formula, this number could seriously increase in the first few years, but should decline with time. The odds are astronomically high that crime rates will significantly drop within the decade.