Chapter 4 in SIMPLE SOLUTIONS for Planet Earth is on the Blue Revolution. My Huffington Post article of 24November2008 is entitled "The Dawn of the Blue Revolution."
Let me summarize some of the dreams of a few big thinkers on their concepts:
Solar Island: a partnership of the United Arab Emirates (Ras al Khaimah) and Neuchatel’s Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology to produce electricity and hydrogen.
Solar Thermal Island: Green Fix Energy from California announced their Ocean Atmospheric Solar Insulated Incapsulation System (OASIIS) concept to produce from ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) and solar thermal energy electricity, freshwater, hydrogen and fertilizer. Watch their clip by clicking on OASIIS. Go to Doug Carlson's blog for details, including the latest on what Lockheed Martin is doing, and other OTEC news.
ExxonMobile has their Blue Ocean Energy, but, whoops, this is a liquid natural gas terminal for New York and New Jersey.
Seasteading Institute (SI): The marine version of homesteading, their Poseidon Project (above) is the seed for the first ocean city-state. The key players are Peter Thiel, founder of PayPal, and Patri Friedman, grandson of Nobel Laureate Milton Friedman. SI has patented ClubStead, a 200-people resort at sea (below).
Arup Biomimetics has design an underwater ocean city called Syph (above) for a future Australia.
Lillypad (above), by Vincent Calebaud, has been designed as an ocean shelter for global climate change refugees.
There is 160 room Residensea (The World), which has been cruising for 8 years; the mile long floating condo Freedom Ship for 60,000 occupants, which has never yet quite floated; the dreams of the Living Universe
Kiyonori Kikutake's Aquapolis (below) was the centerpiece of the Okinawa World Ocean Expo in 1975. As just another of my unsuccesful efforts, I attempted to convince the government of Japan to refurbish it and send it to Lisbon in 1998. Aquapolis would have been the highlight of the exhibition, for there was nothing monumental at this second ocean expo. After a quarter century as a minimal tourist attraction, the floating platform was purchased in 2000 by an American, towed to Shanghai, and reduced to its origins as scrap metal. Kikutake's idea, however, is again beginning to blossom.
Even earlier, Buckminster Fuller in the '60's designed Triton (below), as a floating residence for 5,000 occupants. He seems to be at the root of all architecture.