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Monday, January 16, 2017

WHO WAS MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR?

Best as I can determine, there is no holiday in the USA followed by all states honoring one human being.  There are ten official Federal Holidays, but only seven of them are followed by every state.  The exceptions are the only ones named after people:
  • Columbus Day is a real mess because most states do what they want.
    • Hawaii calls this Discoverers' Day without giving state employees any day off.  But we do have 14 other paid holidays.
    •  Only 23 states actually honor this day as a holiday.
    • Tennessee moves it to the day after Thanksgiving.
  • Washington's Birthday has been compromised to be Presidents' Day in more than half of the states.  Abraham Lincoln is usually associated co-equally on this day.  Only two states just honor Washington.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr is the individual most honored in the USA as a person, although seven states have chosen to combine King either with Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson or Civil/Human Rights Day.
The junior is because King's father was Martin Luther King senior, also a Baptist pastor.  He, the father, was head of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) chapter in Atlanta and an early leader of the Civil Rights Movement.  The son was assassinated at the age of 39, but the father lived on for an additional 16 years.

The original Martin Luther (born Martin Luder) was a German professor of theology, composer, monk (because he was struck by lightning and lived, to later become a priest) and seminal figure who rejected the Roman Catholic Church and initiated the Protestant Reformation.  Luther's basis tenet was that you shouldn't be able to buy your way out of sin, and that justification came from faith alone.    

Luther translated The Bible from the Latin and married a nun, setting the model for the practice of clerical marriage.  He was excommunicated by the Pope and outlawed by Emperor Charles V.   Clearly, the name influenced the drive of both Kings.

Four years ago on this day I posted on Martin Luther King Day.  To quote:


However, he had a dream, and America will become a better place, partly through this efforts.

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