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Saturday, September 6, 2014


What caused the Big Bang 13.798 plus or minus 0.037 billion years ago?   Watch this video.

Just the other day, T. Brent Tully and his crew at the University of Hawaii were featured for their work on Laniakea (in Hawaiian, lani means heaven and akea connotes spacious or immeasurable):

What you see above is the most detailed map of our Universe, containing 100,000 galaxies stretching across 500 million light years.  That is, light, which can travel a distance 7.5 times around Planet Earth in a second, would take 500 million years just to get from one side of this diagram to the other.  Here is a clip of what our unrecognizable globe looked like that many years ago, and it would be another 250 million years when dinosaurs began to develop.  Note above that our Milky Way Galaxy is but a speck to the right, only 1/500,000,000 the area of that rectangle.  And light takes 100,000 years just to cross our galaxy.

Anyhoo, getting back to the beginning, there are numerous theories about how our universe expanded a fraction of a second after the Big Bang, but nothing much about what happened at Time Zero, the singularity point that cannot be explained by science, for the laws of physics break down at this unique mathematical anomaly.  That is, until now.

The August issue of Scientific American has an article entitled "The Black Hole at the Beginning of Time," written by three researchers (two originally from Iran) of the Canadian Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, started in 2000 through a $170 million donation by Mike Lazaridis, born in Turkey and founder of the smartphone and BlackBerry.

Here is what they said, I think:
  • They wisely start before the Big Bang.
  • They then describe a four dimensional spatial universe, or more.
  • The singularity at the Big Bang is a mere 3D event horizon of a 4D universe.  I won't today try to explain what a Black Hole is, nor its Event Horizon.
  • A 4D star collapses, and the result is the Big Bang in a 3D world, ours.
  • You get the impression that this happens all the time, where new universes are methodically being created.
  • Their guess is better than most others today.
Okay, so what really caused the Big Bang?  If you asked, the overwhelming majority in the World would say God.  Well, maybe not, as  40% of Americans feel that God created Earth 10,000 years ago, and probably think there was no such thing as a Big Bang.  Further, throughout much of the world, anything as esoteric as a Big Bang is way beyond the comprehension of the masses.   Nevertheless, astrophysicists are scrambling for a better answer.  Perhaps the Perimeter Institute provides the best story yet.  However, the science of astronomy, like medicine, keeps changing.  What made sense at the time of Copernicus does not anymore.  A century ago our top minds thought our Milky Way Galaxy was the entire Universe.  (Hint:  the current surmisal is 225 billion galaxies in our universe).  It would not surprise me that a century from now science will have a better answer than I tried to describe above.

Norbert is now a Category 3 hurricane at 115 MPH, with gusts up to 140 MPH, but should weaken before he begins to threaten Baja:


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