The United Kingdom of Great Britain (also known as Britain or UK) is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. Northern Ireland (1.8 million people), Scotland (5 million), Wales (3 million) and England (50 million) are constituent countries within the kingdom. A reasonable case can be made that the UK in the 19th Century was greater than the US today, having stimulated the Industrial Revolution, expanding into a world-wide British Empire where the Sun never set.
In case you were wondering what those cows are doing above, Dublin has a lot of life-sized cow statues. Whoops, just learned that those Dublin cows were there only in 2003. They get moved around, and will be in Santa Catarina, Brazil in 2011. No wonder people I asked did not know why the statues were there.